was born in Vicenza in 1939. He graduated in Law at the university of Milan (November 1961). He was assistant professor in Employment and Labor Law at the same university until 1968. Harkness Fellow at Cornell University, Industrial and Labor Relations School, at the University of Chicago Law School from 1962 to 1964. Lecturer in Employment Law in 1968 and since that year assistant professor in Employment Law at the University of Pavia (Faculty of Law) and at the Cattolica University (Faculty of Economics). Tenured professor in Employment Law from 1971 to 1988 at the University of Pavia (Faculty of Law) and assistant professor in the same faculty at the Cattolica University. Since 1988 Full Professor at the Faculty of Law at the Cattolica University in Milan. Visiting Scholar at Sophia University in Tokyo in 1974, and Visiting Professor at the National University of Mogadishu in 1973, at the Faculty of Law at the University of Leuven (Belgium) in the Autumn of 1985; and at the Faculty of Law of Paris X in 1986. In his activity as scholar he has maintained a close working relationship with the trade union (CISL in particular) as well as with various international associations of employment law and industrial relations.
From 1990 until 1992 he was a member of the Guarantee Commission for the Right to Strike. From 1992 until the following year he was external assessor to the City Council of Milan, with responsibility for Institutional Affairs, Education, Labor Economics and Social Issues.
In 1995 he is Minister of Labour and Social Security in the government headed by Lamberto Dini. In 1996 he is confirmed by the Prime Minister Romano Prodi. In 1998 he is appointed Minister of Transport and Navigation under the D’Alema government. After becoming Senator in 2001, he also became a member of the 11th Permanent Commission (Labor and Social Security) as well as member of the Control Commission for Pension Fund Management Institutions. He is re-elected to the Senate in 2006.
President of the 11th Permanent Commission (Labor and Social Security). Re-elected again to the Senate on the 13th April 2008, he was also vice-president of the 11th Permanent Commission (Labor and Social Security).
Member of CNEL as an expert appointed by the President of the Republic (17th May 2013 DPR), as a substitute to Edoardo Petrarca, who resigned on the 14th March 2013. He himself resigned on the 28th of July 2015.
He is the appointed President of CNEL (16th May 2017 DPR)